Shar Pei Bone Mouth
The Chinese Shar Pei Bone Mouth is a breed that originated in China and was bred as a versatile dog. The Chinese Shar Pei Bone Mouth has been used for hunting, herding, guarding, and fighting throughout history. Once renowned as the world’s rarest dog, the Chinese Shar-Pei has since established a strong presence in America and throughout the world. The breed is now primarily recognized for its heavily wrinkled skin, particularly on the face. Although there are two distinct varieties of Shar-Pei, one popular in the West and one popular in Asia, both varieties are considered to be of the same bred. The Chinese Shar-Pei is also known as the Chinese Fighting Dog and the Shar Pei Bone Mouth.
The Chinese Shar Pei Bone Mouth temperament is more variable than that of most modern breeds. This is the result of numerous irresponsible breeders who do not place a high premium on temperament. However, well-bred Shar-Peis are generally known for their predictability of temperament. Shar Pei Bone Mouth are well-known for developing strong bonds with their families and frequently demonstrating extraordinary loyalty to them. This breed has a proclivity to develop into a one-person dog, and many develop extremely strong attachments to a single person to the exclusion of all others. However, it would be more accurate to describe Bonemouth Shar Peis as a single family dog that develops equally strong bonds with members of their immediate family to the exclusion of all others. While Shar-Peis are extremely devoted, they are also extremely independent and enjoy doing their own thing. This is a breed that would rather be in the same room as its family members than on top of them. The Shar-Pei is affectionate, but in a more reserved manner than the Shar Pei Bone Mouth. Due to this breed’s proclivity for defying authority and potential for training difficulties, it is frequently not recommended for inexperienced dog owners.
Large in size 35-55 pound X-Large 55-90 pound
10 to 12 Years
Trainability: Training Is Difficult
Energy Level: Moderate
Grooming: Brushing No More Than Once a Week
Professional Grooming Could Be Necessary
Protective Capacity: Exceptionally Protective
Hypoallergenic Breeding: Insufficient Space Requirements:
Residence with a Yard
Compatibility With Other Pets: May Get Along With Other Pets If Raised Together; May Have Conflicts With Other Dogs
Not Recommended For Existing Dog Owners
Not Suitable For Households With Small Animals
4-7 puppies in a litter
Shar-Pei, also known as the Chinese Fighting Dog
Males: 45-60 lbs, 19-23 inches (Bone-Mouth)
Females: 45-60 lbs, 19-23 inches (Bone-Mouth)
Kennel Clubs and Accolades
Non-Sporting Group of the American Kennel Club
Group 7 ANKC (Australian National Kennel Council) (Non Sporting)
Group 6 of the CKC (Canadian Kennel Club) (Non-Sporting)
Section 2.1 : Mastiffs FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
KC (Kennel Club): utilitarian
Group 7 – Non-Sporting NZKC (New Zealand Kennel Club)
UKC (United Kennel Club): Northern Breed
Appearance: Temperament: Grooming Requirements: Health Issues: Shar Pei Bone Mouth
Shar Pei Bone Mouth, who have been bred for centuries as a guard dog and protection animal, are naturally suspicious of strangers. The majority of breed members are extremely wary of strangers and rarely greet them warmly. Although I dislike their presence, the majority of well-trained Shar-Peis are extremely polite to strangers and rarely display aggression toward them. While the majority of Shar-Peis eventually warm up to a new person in their lives, such as a spouse or roommate, some never fully accept new people after puppyhood. Unsocialized Shar-Peis are frequently excessively wary, and it is not uncommon for this breed to develop issues with human aggression. Shar-Peis are extremely vigilant and make excellent watchdogs. While they are not frequently used for personal or property protection, the majority of breed members make excellent guard dogs. This breed is fiercely territorial and will not allow any unknown intruder (or even some known ones) to enter their property without being confronted.
When properly socialized with children, the majority of Shar-Peis are tolerant of them. This breed, in particular, rarely has problems with children within its own family, with whom it frequently forms extremely close attachments. However, it is critical that all children understand proper dog behavior, as the Bonemouth Shar Pei is intolerant of rough housing. Additionally, caution must be exercised with Shar-Peis whose vision is partially obscured by wrinkles, as they are more susceptible to being startled. Shar-Peis that have not been properly socialized around children, as is the case with all breeds, may react negatively to them.
The breed’s most common serious behavioral issues stem from its strong animal aggressive instincts. Shar-Peis are notoriously dog aggressive. The majority of these dogs thrive in either a single dog home or one shared with another dog of the opposite sex. While the majority of members of the breed do not seek confrontation (although some do), Shar Pei Bone Mouths are prone to rage and will not back down from a challenge. Shar-Peis are prone to all forms of dog aggression, but are particularly prone to territorial and possessive behavior. While the majority of Shar-Peis can be trained or socialized to a point where dog aggression is minimal, some never are. Shar-Peis are even more aggressive toward non-canine species. The majority of breed members exhibit an extreme prey drive, and Shar-Peis left alone in a yard are almost certain to bring back “presents” of dead animals. These dogs will pursue and attack almost any other creature, regardless of its size, from a cricket to a horse. While the majority of Shar-Peis can be socialized to accept the family cat (but not smaller pets such as rabbits), some of these dogs will attack and kill a cat they have known for years if given the chance.
Shar-Peis are highly intelligent and excellent problem solvers. When a Shar Pei Bone Mouth is motivated to learn, he or she typically picks up quickly. However, this dog is generally unmotivated to learn, and Shar-Peis are notoriously difficult to train. While Shar-Peis are not typically disobedient or willful, they are frequently quite stubborn and frequently refuse to perform certain tasks. The Shar-Pei is a self-sufficient breed, and the majority will not obey simply to please. This dog is motivated by what’s in it for me and responds significantly better to reward-based training methods, particularly those that emphasize treats. The highly intelligent Shar-Pei can become bored with repetitive tasks and may refuse to perform them even if a treat is involved.
Perhaps the most serious issue is the Shar-proclivity Pei’s to defy authority. The majority of breed members actively seek control and will refuse to submit once they believe they have achieved it. For these reasons, Shar-Pei owners must always maintain a position of dominance. None of this implies that Bonemouth Shar Pei are difficult to train; quite the opposite is true. This does mean that training one of these dogs will require additional time, effort, and patience, and that even the most well-trained Shar-Peis will most likely have a lower training ceiling than a Golden Retriever or Doberman Pinscher. Even the most well-trained Shar-Peis should always be kept on a leash or in a very secure area, as this breed is frequently impossible to call back when its predatory instincts take over.
Shar Peis are considered to be dogs with a moderate to low level of energy. The majority of breed members require no more exercise than a long daily walk, and with enough dedication, most families will be able to meet this dog’s needs without difficulty. It is still critical to provide this breed with an outlet for its energy; otherwise, behavioral issues such as destruction and aggression are likely to occur. Although the majority of breed members adore having a yard to run around in, the majority of Shar-Peis thrive in apartments. Indoors, this breed is moderately active and will spend roughly equal amounts of time wandering and resting. While they do not require a lot of exercise, the majority of breed members will accept whatever is offered, including vigorous activity. Certain severely wrinkled Shar Pei Bone Mouths may be unfit for prolonged periods of vigorous exercise.
Shar-Peis are regarded as excellent urban dwellers for a variety of reasons. The majority of Shar-Peis despise water and will avoid it at all costs. This avoidance generally extends to mud and moist dirt as well. Shar-Peis are also renowned for their exceptional cleanliness, both in terms of self-cleaning and avoiding getting dirty in the first place. Shar-Peis are renowned for their quiet demeanor, and the majority of these dogs rarely bark. Although Shar Pei Bone Mouths occasionally escape to pursue prey or for other reasons, the majority of these dogs prefer to stay within their own territory and rarely venture far. Perhaps most intriguing to many fanciers is how easily this clean dog housebreaks. The majority of Chinese Shar-Peis housebreak extremely quickly, frequently months ahead of most other breeds.
The Chinese Shar-Pei requires little grooming. This dog should never require professional grooming and only require a thorough brushing on a regular basis. Shar-Peis, on the other hand, shed. In general, longer-coated Shar-Peis shed some hair constantly and then experience periods of excessive shedding. Shar-Peis with shorter coats shed very little, except during a few periods of the year when they shed heavily. While this breed sheds relatively little, it is known to be particularly irritating to allergy sufferers. The Shar-harsh Pei’s and unique coat is known to cause allergy sufferers more problems than other breeds, and can occasionally affect those who are not normally allergic to dogs.
Simply because the Shar-coat Pei’s is relatively low-maintenance does not mean that this breed is low-maintenance. Daily, and preferably after each meal or heavy drink, this breed’s ears and wrinkles must be carefully and thoroughly cleaned. This is because food, water, dirt, grime, and other particles frequently become trapped in the folds of skin, causing irritations and infections if left there.
The Chinese Shar-Pei is prone to a variety of health problems, and the majority of experts believe it is an unhealthy breed. The Shar-Pei breed has a high incidence of problems common to other breeds, as well as a number of issues that are unique to the Shar-Pei breed. Due to the Shar-numerous Pei’s health problems, some animal rights organizations, veterinarians, and breeders of other dogs have questioned whether these dogs should be bred in the future. The majority of the Shar-problems Pei’s stem from two factors: the breed’s exaggerated facial features and poor breeding practices during the 1980’s. Today, responsible breeders are collaborating with veterinarians to eradicate the Shar-majority Pei’s of these issues, in the hope that the breed will become significantly healthier in the future.
Different life-expectancy studies have reached wildly divergent conclusions about the average lifespan of this dog, ranging from 8 to 14 years. The truth is that poorly bred Bonemouth Shar Peis typically live between 8 and 10 years, while carefully bred Shar-Peis live between 10 and 11 years. Although Asian breeders conduct very few canine health surveys, it appears that the Bone-Mouth Shar-Pei is significantly healthier than the Meat-Mouth variety. It has been proposed that more of this variety be introduced into American livestock in order to improve their health. Numerous veterinary experts have also recommended altering Shar-Pei standards and breeding practices in an attempt to restore the breed to its ancestral form. Both of these plans, however, are highly contentious because they significantly alter the Shar-appearance. Pei’s
One of the Shar Pei’s unique medical conditions is known as familiar Shar Pei Bone Mouth fever, or FSF. FSF produces brief but severe fevers that frequently last up to 24 hours. These fevers are frequently accompanied by ankle swelling, which is referred to as Swollen Hock Syndrome. FSF is believed to be related to amyliodosis. Amyliodosis is caused by an abnormal accumulation of protein in the body’s organs, particularly the liver and kidneys. Amyliodosis is frequently fatal due to complete renal failure. FSF and Amyliodosis are not always fatal with proper veterinary care, and many affected Shar-Peis live long lives. These conditions, however, can be fatal in some instances and frequently result in severe pain and discomfort. In recent years, several Shar-Peis have died from another FSF complication known as streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, or STSS.
The Shar-heavily Pei’s wrinkled face creates a number of issues. Numerous Shar-Peis have impaired vision, particularly in their peripheral vision. Additionally, this breed is frequently affected by a variety of other eye problems, including infections and deformities of the eyelids. Face wrinkles frequently trap dirt and grime, resulting in infections and irritations. The breed’s ears are also susceptible to these issues, and many Shar-Peis suffer from chronic and painful ear infections. Additionally, some Shar-Peis have breathing difficulties, and many are frequently out of breath.
Due to the possibility of skeletal and visual problems in this breed, owners are strongly advised to have their pets tested by both the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF). The OFA and CERF conduct genetic and other tests in order to detect potential health problems before they manifest. This is especially beneficial in detecting conditions that do not manifest themselves until the dog reaches an advanced age, making it critical for anyone considering breeding their dog to have them tested to avoid the transmission of potential genetic conditions to their offspring.
A comprehensive list of health problems encountered by a sizable number of Bonemouth Shar Peis would have to include the following:
STSS stands for Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome.
Syndrome of the Swollen Hock
Infections of the Ear
Yeasty Ears Infections of the Facial Area
Cataracts Impair Vision
Ectropion Entropion Ectropion
Lens for Glaucoma Luxation
Sudden Acquired Syndrome of Retinal Degeneration/SARDS
Third Eyelid Gland Prolapse
Syndrome of the Brachycephalic
Breathing Difficulty Breathing Shortness of Breath
Deficiency of Vitamin B12
IgA Deficiency on a Selective Basis
Infections of the Skin
Cutaneous Mucinosis Sebhorrhea
Dermatitis/Pyoderma of the Folds
Allergies to Soy
Allergies to corn
Allergies to Gluten
Allergies to Sugar
Allergies to Beef
Allergies to the Skin
Atopy/Allergies to the Respiratory System
Demodicosis/Demodectic Pediculosis/Demodex Pediculosis
Dysplasia of the Hip
Dysplasia of the Elbow
Cancer of the Mast Cell
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